11 Aug Periodoncia en Mijas y Fuengirola
Periodontics in Mijas and Fuengirola
Our periodontal services in Mijas carry out diagnosis, treatment and prevention of these types of oral pathology, more specifically on patients’ gum diseases.
Taking care of our teeth and mouth is very important, not only to maintain good oral health, but also because it helps prevent complications that may appear in the future. Visiting the dentist a couple of times a year for a check-up will be more than necessary if we want to keep our teeth and mouth in good condition.
What is periodontics?
Periodontics is a branch of dentistry related to diseases of the gums and bones that support our teeth. Next, we explain more about our Periodontics treatments in Mijas, the diseases it treats, its symptoms and the treatments that are usually carried out when these types of diseases are detected.
The main periodontal diseases that affect a dentition are periodontitis and gingivitis.
Today with implantology, periodontics is also responsible for the prevention and treatment of peri-implant diseases such as peri-implantitis.
A periodontal treatment consists of the correction of the hygiene technique for the control of bacterial plaque, to the elimination of its triggering factors (dental calculus or tartar and periodontal pockets).
Periodontitis is a chronic disease, so in addition to its treatment, visits for maintenance will be crucial.
Causes of gum disease
One of the most common causes of tooth loss is gum disease, the two most common being gingivitis and periodontitis.
In the first place, gingivitis directly affects the gums, and if it is detected early, it is easily treated, it will only be necessary a complete dental cleaning, which is recommended to be carried out once a year, in this way, it will be prevented from accumulating again the plaque that gingivitis has generated.
On the other hand, periodontitis is a more complex disease than gingivitis as it causes infections in the bone that supports the teeth and other tissues.
Both diseases usually occur due to the appearance of bacteria in the teeth and gums and these cause bleeding of the gums and redness of these.
Gingivitis and periodontitis are more common in people who use tobacco, pregnant women, genetics, or diseases such as diabetes.
Symptoms of periodontics
These types of diseases can be detected with different symptoms.
Depending on how advanced the disease is, you will find one type of symptom or another.
The most common symptoms of periodontics are the following:
- Inflamed or swollen gums.
- Gums with a red color.
- Gums especially sensitive to touch.
- Gums that bleed easily.
- Spitting up blood when brushing teeth.
- Bad breath.
- Pus between the teeth or gums.
These are some of the symptoms that we find when we have diseases of this type. Next, we explain the treatments that are carried out to cure periodontitis.
Treatments for periodontics and periodontitis
To treat this type of disease we must carry out periodontal treatments.
If the disease is not too advanced, the treatment will be less invasive, a scraping would be carried out, which consists of removing tartar and bacteria from the surface of the teeth and from the area below the gums.
Another technique carried out to treat periodontal diseases is root planing, which tries to eliminate the bacteria found on the root surface of the tooth with the help of different instruments.
Finally, if the treatment is performed on periodontitis that is not very advanced, it is usually treated with antibiotics. Now, if this periodontitis is not detected early enough and it has already evolved a lot, another type of treatment will be carried out, such as surgery. Through the intervention, the infection of the gums will be eliminated to rebuild the supports of the tooth.
One of the most common questions we are asked at our Mijas dental clinic is whether periodontal treatment is painful. Periodontic treatments are not painful, since they are performed under local anesthesia.
The process that is carried out in surgery is as follows. The gums are opened to carry out a deep cleaning, provide support to those teeth that are looser than normal, and in some cases even proceed to extract those teeth that are very affected, since, if they are not extracted, , it is very likely that the disease will spread to the other teeth.
If you want to know more about this type of dental treatment such as periodontics in Mijas, do not hesitate to contact us. At Clínica Gallardo y Jiménez we help you throughout your process, guaranteeing the comfort and safety of our clients.