Infección de encías: causas, síntomas y prevención

Gum infection: causes, symptoms and prevention

One of the most common gum-related diseases is periodontitis, or gum infection. As we will see, it can be caused by different causes, although the main one is poor dental hygiene.

In our clinic we have various dental treatments, among which are those aimed at curing cases of gum infection. Next, we will explain what are the causes, symptoms and treatments to treat infected gums.

Causes of infected gums

Infection in the gums occurs when a plaque formed by bacteria accumulates on them. Poor cleaning, hormonal changes or tobacco use, among other factors, gradually cause this plaque to harden until it becomes tartar.

When this happens, it will be necessary to go to a dental clinic where a specialist will remove the tartar with a cleaning. Due to this accumulation of bacteria, gum infection occurs, which will lead to a case of gingivitis that can lead to periodontitis.

Periodontitis is the worst case scenario for a gum infection as pockets form between the teeth and gums. This, in addition to damaging the tissues and bones that support the teeth (even causing their loss) is very harmful to our immune system.

See dental periodontic

Symptoms of gum infection

One of the reasons why many patients do not have acute cases of periodontitis is because their symptoms are so uncomfortable and painful that they make it necessary for the patient to see a specialist in time to solve it.

Among the most common we can find.

  • Inflammation.
  • The color of the gums turns dark red or purple.
  • Presence of blood when spitting or brushing our teeth.
  • Sensation that the teeth have lost strength.
  • Pain when biting

Therefore, if you find yourself with any of these symptoms and suspect that you may be suffering from a gum infection, do not hesitate to contact a dental health specialist who will tell you how to solve the situation.

Síntomas de la infección de encías

How to prevent cases of infected gums?

Cases of infected gums occur mainly because you do not have adequate hygiene habits. Brushing our teeth at least twice a day should be enough to avoid cases of periodontitis.

However, there are a series of actions that complement brushing and that help prevent this type of case from occurring, such as accompanying flossing.

Diet also plays a very important role in the formation of bacterial plaque that causes gum infection. For example, an excessive consumption of sugar can make it easier for bacteria to settle inside our mouth.

Finally, visiting the dentist regularly will help us avoid dental health problems, including those related to gum infection. Remember that at Clínica Gallardo y Jiménez we have a group of specialists willing to help you with your periodontitis problems.

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