07 Nov Gingivitis e inflamación de las encías
Gingivitis and inflammation of the gums
Gingivitis is a periodontal disease characterized by inflammation of the gums.
Gingivitis favors the formation of plaque on the teeth and that causes the gums to become inflamed. The longer plaque and tartar remain on the teeth, the more affected the gum area will be.
It is very important to treat gingivitis, since, over time, it can transform into periodontitis and, over time, this disease can cause tooth loss.
At Clínica Gallardo y Jimenez, we will tell you more about this inflammation of the gums, the causes, types and treatments of gingivitis.
Causes of gum disease
The main cause for which we can suffer from gingivitis is due to maintaining inadequate and incorrect oral hygiene, but there are other causes for which this disease can appear.
Below, we mention other causes for which you may suffer from this inflammation of the gums.
A poor diet, which influences vitamin C, dental restorations that are not well-fitting, or bent teeth that are difficult to clean completely.
Other causes are diseases that decrease immunity such as leukemia, HIV or cancer treatments, in addition to certain medications, hormonal changes, genetics, and tobacco.
Types of dental gingivitis
First of all, we are talking about acute gingivitis. This type of Gingivitis is a mild inflammation of the gums, and its duration is short. However, inflammation can cause discomfort or in some more serious cases, pain.
Secondly, we find Desquamative Gingivitis, which is recognized because the color of the gums is more intense than usual. Whoever suffers from this gingivitis will have a burning sensation in the gum area, in addition, they will present a lot of dental sensitivity and abundant bleeding.
Ulcerative gingivitis, this can be one of the annoying and painful ones. The person suffering from ulcerative gingivitis presents ulcers between the teeth. One of its most common symptoms is the appearance of ulcers in the interdental papillae, and in some cases it can cause fever and fatigue.
Finally, hemorrhagic gingivitis, as its name indicates, causes excessive bleeding of the gums. Normally, this inflammation can be caused by bacterial dental plaque, neck caries and tartar.
Treatments for gingivitis
Next, we show you the treatments carried out to end gingivitis.
The main treatment that contributes to an earlier recovery is in our hands, and it is to maintain adequate and constant oral hygiene.
In addition, if we combine this treatment with other types of treatments, we can make this inflammation disappear quickly, without much discomfort and pain.
One of the treatments carried out is dental cleanings with a professional. Several cleanings are carried out, in the first one the remains of plaque, tartar and bacterial products are removed.
The two procedures carried out are called scraping, which is responsible for removing tartar and bacteria found in the gum area, and smoothing, which tries to remove bacterial products that have been produced by inflammation.
This procedure is performed with instruments such as lasers or ultrasonic devices.
Another type of treatment is in which a dental restoration is performed, if necessary.
Sometimes, misaligned teeth or crowns, and other problems related to the position of the teeth are the cause of the appearance of gingivitis.
In the event that the cause of this inflammation of the gums is due to problems with the teeth, the dentist will recommend that you fix these problems.
The most normal thing is that with good oral hygiene habits, such as brushing your teeth at least twice a day, flossing daily and having regular dental check-ups, they will help prevent or reverse gingivitis, so you will not have to what to worry about
If you suffer from Gingivitis or any other oral disease, get in touch with us! At Clínica Gallardo y Jimenez, we offer you the best techniques and treatments in each specialty.