Fractura dental Mijas

Fractura Dental: Todo lo que Necesitas Saber

What are dental fractures?

Dental fractures refer to any type of damage to the structure of a tooth, which can range from a simple crack in the enamel to a complete break that affects the root of the tooth. These injuries can be due to various factors, such as trauma, biting on hard objects, or even the natural wear and tear of the teeth, posing a health and cosmetic dental problem.

Causes of Dental Fracture

Dental fractures can be the result of several factors, some preventable and some not. Knowing these causes can help prevent future injuries. Among the most common are:

  • Trauma: Direct blows to the mouth or face, common in traffic accidents, falls or during sports, can cause severe fractures.
  • Hard foods: Biting into very hard foods, such as nuts, candy or ice, can cause fractures, especially in already weakened teeth.
  • Tooth decay: Demineralisation caused by tooth decay can significantly weaken teeth, making them more susceptible to fracture under normal pressure.
  • Bruxism: Constant grinding or clenching of teeth can cause microfractures that eventually lead to major fractures.
  • Sudden temperature changes: Consuming extremely cold foods or drinks immediately after hot ones can cause rapid expansions and contractions in the enamel that weaken the tooth.

Symptoms of a Fractured Tooth

Symptoms of a fractured tooth vary depending on its severity and location, but generally include:

  • Pain when biting or chewing: One of the first signs, this can be sharp and disappear or be constant, depending on the depth of the fracture.
  • Sensitivity to extreme temperatures: A sharp sensation when consuming hot or cold food or drink may indicate a fracture.
  • Sensitivity to sweetness or touch: This may occur if the fracture has exposed the dentine or even the dental pulp.
  • Tooth colour change: A tooth that becomes darker may be a sign of damage to the internal nerve due to a fracture.
  • Mobility or loosening of the tooth: In severe fractures that affect the support of the tooth.

Types of tooth fractures

  • Enamel fractures: These are superficial cracks that affect only the outer layer of the tooth, usually without causing pain.
  • Coronal fracture: Affects both enamel and dentine, and can be simple (without affecting the pulp) or complex (when the pulp is involved), requiring more invasive treatments.
  • Root fracture: Involves the root of the tooth, often below the gum line, comlicating treatment and sometimes resulting in the need for extraction.

How to prevent tooth fracture?

Preventing tooth fractures is possible with simple and effective practices:

  • Wearing mouthguards: Essential for athletes or people with bruxism.
  • Avoid biting on hard objects: Such as ice, hard candy or bones.
  • Maintaining good oral hygiene: To prevent cavities and diseases that weaken teeth.
  • Regular visits to the dentist: To detect and treat problems early.

Treatment of dental fractures

If it is already too late and you have a fractured tooth, the treatment of dental fractures at Clínica Dental Gallardo Jiménez is personalised for each patient, ensuring the restoration of dental function and aesthetics. Our dental treatments for fractured teeth include:

  • Fillings and reconstructions: For minor fractures, using materials that mimic the colour and texture of the natural tooth.
  • Root canals: For fractures affecting the pulp, removing the affected tissue and sealing the tooth.
  • Porcelain or ceramic crowns: To reconstruct severely damaged teeth, offering a durable and aesthetic solution.
  • Dental implants: In cases where the tooth cannot be saved, providing a permanent solution that feels and looks like a natural tooth.

If you are on the Costa del Sol, either living in Mijas Costa or on holiday, Clinica Dental Gallardo Jimenez is the ideal solution for you. Our centre has a team of professionals specialised in this type of treatment and the latest innovative technology to treat your broken teeth quickly and efficiently.

Maintenance of the treatment of fractured teeth

After the treatment of a tooth fracture, aftercare is crucial for its durability:

  • Good oral hygiene: regular brushing and flossing to keep the area around the treated tooth clean and free of infection.
  • Avoiding very hard or sticky foods: To prevent further damage to the restored tooth.
  • Regular check-ups: Follow-up visits with your dentist to ensure the integrity of the treatment and overall dental health.

At Clínica Dental Gallardo Jiménez, we are dedicated to providing you with not only advanced and personalised treatments, but also education and resources to prevent future dental fractures and keep your smile bright and healthy.

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