Puentes dentales

Puentes dentales

Dental bridges represent an innovative and effective solution for those who have experienced the loss of one or more teeth. They not only restore chewing function and improve dental aesthetics, but also prevent possible complications arising from gaps in the dentition. Whether you opt for a fixed dental bridge that is supported by adjacent natural teeth or a removable one that offers flexibility and comfort, this prosthetic alternative stands out for its ability to restore a complete and natural smile. As experts in dental prostheses in Mijas, we will tell you everything you need to know about dental bridges.

Types of dental bridges

There are different types of dental bridges, classified according to the support they use and their removability. Below, we will detail these classifications to give you a complete understanding of the options available.

Dental bridges depending on the support

  • Tooth-supported dental bridges: Tooth-supported fixed dental bridges are supported by the natural teeth adjacent to the empty space. They require these teeth to be healthy and strong, as they are ground down to serve as abutments to support the bridge. This method is traditional and widely used because of its stability and durability.
  • Dental bridges on implants: A modern alternative involves the use of dental implants to support the bridge. This option is ideal for patients who are looking for a more permanent solution and who do not wish to disturb adjacent teeth. The implants are placed directly into the bone, providing a solid base for the bridge.

Dental bridges according to removability

Fixed dental bridges

Fixed bridges are those that, once placed by the dentist, remain permanently in the patient’s mouth. Within this category, we find:

  • Traditional bridge: The most common type, where the bridge is supported by two adjacent natural teeth.
    Cantilever bridge: Used when there are only adjacent teeth on one side of the gap.
  • Maryland bridge or adhesive bridge: This type requires less preparation of the adjacent teeth and is fixed by metal or porcelain wings bonded to the back of the neighbouring teeth.

Removable dental bridges

Unlike fixed bridges, removable bridges allow the patient to take the prosthesis on and off for cleaning or during sleep. They are less common but offer flexibility. They are classified as follows:

  • Removable partial bridges: These bridges are attached to the natural teeth with metal clasps or other retention mechanisms.
  • Removable full bridges: Designed for patients who have lost most of their teeth in one arch, they are supported by the gums and, in some cases, the remaining teeth.

Duration of dental bridges

The longevity of a dental bridge can vary significantly depending on several factors, such as the type of bridge and materials used, as well as the care provided by the patient and their overall oral health. A dental bridge can last a lifetime if it is fitted correctly by a specialist and the recommended care is maintained.

Dental bridges on implants tend to have a longer durability compared to those supported by natural teeth. Studies by researchers at the University of Bern conclude that implant-supported bridges can last more than 30 years, while fixed tooth-supported bridges have an average survival of between 5 and 10 years.

It is important to follow the dentist’s recommendations and maintain good oral hygiene to prolong the life of the dental bridge. In addition, it is essential to visit the dentist if you experience pain when chewing, mobility of the bridge, inflammation of the gums or any other related discomfort.

In summary, dental bridges are an effective solution for restoring dental function and aesthetics. With proper placement and care, they can last for many years, providing a healthy and confident smile.

If you would like more information about dental bridges and how they can improve your oral health, do not hesitate to contact Clínica Dental Gallardo&Jiménez, experts in dental aesthetics and dental prostheses. Our team of specialists will be happy to advise you and provide you with the best treatment for your individual needs. Restore your smile today!

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