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Bleeding gums: causes and treatments

Did you know that it is estimated that 4 out of 10 people suffer from bleeding gums? This problem is very common to the point that it is one of the most frequent reasons for visiting a dental clinic.

This is usually a symptom of inflammation, which is usually caused by bacterial plaque that accumulates between the teeth. Gum bleeding is not something we should ignore as it can lead to more serious periodontal diseases.

Next we are going to analyze the most common causes of why the gums bleed.

Why do gums bleed? Main causes of bleeding gums

As a general rule, bleeding gums occurs when there are bacteria that accumulate between the teeth. This accumulation is called bacterial plaque, it is a sticky layer of bacteria that constantly forms on the teeth and if not properly removed with good oral hygiene, it can irritate the gums and cause bleeding.

Our hygiene habits can also be the cause of bleeding gums, since applying too much force during brushing or incorrect use of dental floss can cause bleeding gums.

There are other less common causes behind cases of bleeding gums, such as hormonal changes, derived from pregnancy, menstruation or puberty, as well as a lack of vitamin K, which is essential for blood coagulation. Another rare case is the fact of having poorly adjusted dentures, because this generates friction, which irritates and opens wounds in the gums.

As you can see, answering the question of why my gums bleed is complicated.

Bleeding gums
Diseases related to bleeding gums

When bleeding gums are caused by the excessive accumulation of bacteria and are maintained over time, it can lead to serious dental diseases such as the following:

Gingivitis: this disease is the most common in gum problems and consists of inflammation of the gums. Its treatment is simple and consists of removing all the plaque that is causing different techniques.

Periodontitis: it is a case of gingivitis in a more acute phase since it has reached the bone and begins to destroy it. In addition to excessive bleeding, it is possible to lose teeth.

Although these are the most common diseases related to bleeding gums, it can be closely linked to other dental problems such as crossbite or bruxism.

Treatment against bleeding gums

As we have explained, the origin of bleeding gums is related to the accumulation of bacterial plaque in the spaces between the teeth, therefore, regularly remove this accumulation of bacteria.

In the mildest cases, flossing regularly is possible to remove excess bacteria in the mouth and make our gums healthy again. Dental irrigators or interdental brushes are also valid for removing excess bacterial plaque. There are also specific toothpastes for this type of problem.

If you use these products and the gum bleeding persists, we advise you to contact a specialist who will assess your particular case and help you solve it.

We help you with your gum problems

If you have been wondering why your gums bleed for some time, at Clínica Dental Gallardo y Jiménez we can advise you, our team of professionals will know how to find the most suitable treatment for you

You only need to contact our team through our form, by phone 951 396 911 or by visiting our dental clinic in La Cala de Mijas (Boulevar de la Cala, 21).

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